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First Thermal and Fluids Engineering Summer Conference

ISSN: 2379-1748
ISBN: 978-1-56700-430-4


Francisco I. Valentin
City College of New York, 160 Convent Ave, New York, NY 10031, USA

Narbeh Artoun
City College of New York, 160 Convent Ave, New York, NY 10031, USA

Masahiro Kawaji
City University of New York, City College, New York, NY 10031, USA

Donald M. McEligot
Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Arizona,Tucson, AZ 85721; Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID 83415-3885, USA; and Institut für Kernenergetik und Energiesysteme, Universitat Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

DOI: 10.1615/TFESC1.fnd.012872
pages 1077-1080

KEY WORDS: forced convection, helium, flow laminarization, VHTR


Fundamental forced convection heat transfer experiments have been performed with nitrogen and helium flowing upward through a 16.8 mm diameter flow channel in a 2.7m long graphite test section. Flow regimes include turbulent, transitional and laminar flows with the inlet Reynolds numbers ranging from 1,500 to 14,000. Experiments were performed at different helium and nitrogen temperatures and pressures up to 620 °C and 61 bar, respectively, various flow rates (50-500 SLPM), and heater power up to 6.5 kW. The analyses of the experimental data showed significant reductions in the Reynolds number of up to 50% over the 2.7 m test section between the inlet and . Flow laminarization caused by intense heating was defined to occur when the local Nusselt number decreased 20% below the Nusselt number given by the modified Gnielinski correlation. In this study, flow laminarization criteria were considered based on a dimensionless acceleration parameter (Kν) and buoyancy parameter (Bo*). Experiments involved high heating rates leading to the wall-to-bulk temperature ratios ranging from 2 to 1.05 (T in K), dimensionless heat flux (q+) from 1×10-5 to 3×10-4 and buoyancy parameter (Bo*) from 3×10-7 to 8×10-5. The latter range covers a value of Bo≈6×10-6; previously suggested to correspond to the onset of the influence of the buoyancy force.

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