ISSN Online: **2379-1748**

8th Thermal and Fluids Engineering Conference (TFEC)

# INVERSE FLOW PREDICTION USING PINNS IN AN ENCLOSURE CONTAINING HEAT SOURCES

## Resumo

While simulating heat transfer problems using a numerical method, the thermal boundary conditions are never known precisely, which leads to ill-posed boundary conditions for the energy equation. The lack of knowledge of accurate thermal boundary conditions in a practical application makes it impossible to solve this problem no matter how sophisticated the conventional numerical method is.

Hence, the current work addresses this ill-posed problem using physics informed neural network by assuming that the thermal boundary near the source is unknown and only a few measurements of temperature are known in the domain. Physics-informed neural network is employed to represent the velocity and temperature fields, while simultaneously enforcing the Navier-Stokes and energy equations at random points in the domain. This work serves as an inverse problem since the goal here is to reproduce the global flow field and temperature profile in the domain with few measurement data points. Furthermore, the work focuses on using transfer learning for different parameters such as the position and size of the source term inside the enclosure domain. These parameters are of particular interest while designing a thermal system and being able to predict the flow and thermal behaviour instantly will allow for better design of the system. For this study, the sensors' data are extracted from numerical simulation results. The placement of the sensors in the domain plays a vital role in accuracy hence, sensors were optimized using the residual of the energy equation. The results obtained from this work demonstrate that the proposed method is in good agreement with the underlying physics represented by the numerical results.

Hence, the current work addresses this ill-posed problem using physics informed neural network by assuming that the thermal boundary near the source is unknown and only a few measurements of temperature are known in the domain. Physics-informed neural network is employed to represent the velocity and temperature fields, while simultaneously enforcing the Navier-Stokes and energy equations at random points in the domain. This work serves as an inverse problem since the goal here is to reproduce the global flow field and temperature profile in the domain with few measurement data points. Furthermore, the work focuses on using transfer learning for different parameters such as the position and size of the source term inside the enclosure domain. These parameters are of particular interest while designing a thermal system and being able to predict the flow and thermal behaviour instantly will allow for better design of the system. For this study, the sensors' data are extracted from numerical simulation results. The placement of the sensors in the domain plays a vital role in accuracy hence, sensors were optimized using the residual of the energy equation. The results obtained from this work demonstrate that the proposed method is in good agreement with the underlying physics represented by the numerical results.

**Palavras-chave:**Heat Transfer, Machine learning, Forced convection, Physics-informed neural network, Inverse problem